Taking care of a baby is a hard common practice that all parents share. Among all the things that you have to take care of, it may be very frustrating to see your baby spit up the milk they just eat right away. Don’t be too worried about it. This action is called baby reflux. It is quite common for babies to reflux. In fact, reports show that half of the newborn babies experience reflux. So what causes reflux in babies? How should you deal with it? Let us guide you to the answers
What Causes Reflux in Babies?
Their Digestive System Is Not Complete
As your baby is still in their early years, their digestive system is still developing and weak. Therefore, the valves of their stomach may not work properly. So your baby may swallow extra air when breastfeeding, causing their stomach to be full. As a result, they will suffer from reflux if being put down again.
Problems With Milk
Milk consumption may also be a reason for reflux. Sometimes you may find your baby’s milk consumption is accompanied by other symptoms such as esophageal stenosis, duodenal stenosis. These symptoms are pathological signs of gastrointestinal defects. Some gastrointestinal diseases with intestinal obstruction or intussusception are common in children after 3 months of age. These abnormalities will cause reflux in your baby.
If you find your baby is not only refluxing but also suckling, suddenly scream, or bugling their stomach, take them to your doctors immediately for prompt treatment.
It is worth noting that the baby not only spits up but also startles with convulsions or twitching during sleep twitching, it may be the signs of calcium deficiency. Make sure that you check your diet to improve the amount of calcium in breast milk.
Reflux Caused By Pyloric Stenosis
Pyloric stenosis is a more rare disease, especially in babies older than three months. Basically, it’s a condition in a newborn that prevents food from entering their developing intestine. The muscle located at the end of the stomach where it connects with the duodenum is thickened, making food unable to enter the intestine or very limited. Pyloric stenosis usually appears in babies about one-month-old.
How Reduce Your Baby’s Reflux?
Give Your Baby Smaller Meals
Compared with older babies, the infant’s immature digestive system has a much smaller capacity. To avoid reflux, instead of feeding your baby too much at one time, you should breastfeed them more times throughout the day. You also should reduce the amount of milk each time to help your baby digest easier and faster.
Do Not Put Your Baby Down Immediately After Feeding
Infants are very easy to swallow extra air during their breastfeeding sessions. Therefore, if you put them down immediately after a meal, they may have extra gas and reflux will happen. Instead, you should burp your baby to get rid of excess air, to avoid making the baby bloated, indigestion. Tummy time is highly recommended to help your baby push out the gas.
You may not know it, but the way you breastfeed your baby may also cause reflux in babies. With breastfed babies, if the amount of breast milk to feed the baby is more than the amount of milk that the baby can swallow each time, the food in the stomach will swell, causing the baby to spit out. Similarly, babies who are improperly bottle-fed will swallow a considerable amount of excess air which affects the baby’s digestive process.
To avoid this, when breastfeeding your baby, you should only feed your baby slowly. Avoid getting your baby too full every time. With bottle-feeding babies, mothers should keep the bottle tilted 45 degrees so that the milk always covers the neck of the bottle.
Form A Correct Sleeping Position For Your Baby
A correct sleeping and lying position not only helps your baby sleep better but can also partly reduce the risk of reflux. Mom can raise the baby’s lying head up to a 30-degree angle. It is this tilt that will help prevent the food in the stomach from bouncing back while the baby sleeps.
Keep Your Baby Away From Cigarettes Smoke
Cigarettes smoke is proved to be toxic to the development of babies and young children. On top of that, regular exposure to tobacco smoke will make your baby more acid secretion in the stomach. So, you should try to limit and not expose the baby to a smoke-free environment.
Ensure Your Baby Calcium Supplements
As mentioned, if your baby reflux associated with cramps, difficulty sleeping every night can be a sign that your baby’s daily diet does not have enough calcium needed. In this case, adequate calcium supplementation is the best way to help your baby.
When You Should Take Your Baby To Doctors
Although reflux is not always dangerous and in most cases, babies will outgrow it. However, if the reflux symptoms are not reducing even when your baby gets older, you should take them to the doctor for diagnosing and treatments.
Take them to the nearest doctor/hospital immediately if your baby:
– Isn’t gaining weight
– Consistently spits up forcefully,
– Spits up green or yellow fluid
– Spits up blood
– Refuses to eat
– Has blood in their stool
– Has difficulty breathing or a chronic cough
– Begins spitting up at age 6 months or older
– Unusually Irritable after eating
There you go, now you have the reasons why your baby reflux and how to deal with it. Do you have any other tips to deal with this issue? Please share it with us and other parents in the comments!