Things About Swollen Feet in Pregnancy

Swollen feet or foot edema is a common physiological phenomenon in pregnant women, especially in the last 3 months of pregnancy. The most obvious signs of foot edema are the lower part of your ankle and foot become swollen. This phenomenon normally does not dangerous for you. However, it may make you feel inconvenient and uncomfortable in daily activities. So to help you deal with this problem, here are the things you should know about swollen feet during pregnancy.

When Swollen feet During Pregnancy Start

Swollen Feet can appear at any time in pregnancy. Depending on every mother’s condition, it may appear at different times. However, it is the last trimester that is more common for swollen feet to appear in. In this time, your baby’s weight becomes larger and they will occupy a large volume in the mother’s abdominal cavity, putting pressure on the lower veins, making blood difficult to circulate, thereby causing swelling.

swollen feet


Are Swollen Feet dangerous?

The phenomenon of edema during pregnancy usually does not cause much harm to your health and these signs will disappear when the baby is born. When you have swollen feet, they may make you feel uncomfortable and make it harder for you to do your daily activities. This condition does not cause external pain but it may slow your blood circulation, therefore make it easier to feel tired. 

In some cases, swollen feet or limb edema, in general, maybe a precursor to pre-eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia edema is extremely dangerous, if not treated promptly, it can be life-threatening for both you and your baby. Therefore, if you find your swollen feet during the last month of pregnancy accompanied by some unusual signs, you should visit your doctor immediately for proper diagnoses. The signs including:

– Your swollen feet do not show improvements over time.

– You experience heavy headaches, dazzlings, or high blood pressure.

– There are several pains in your ribs area.

– Your vision gets unclear.

– You vomit frequently

– Shortness of breath.

If the swelling is only in one leg and is painful, you may have deep vein thrombosis or a DVT (blood clot).

Causes of swollen feet

Increased blood volume

This is the most common reason for limps swelling during pregnancy in general. In the pregnancy period, your body will produce 50% more blood and fluid than normal in order to nourish your baby. Therefore, the increased volume of blood may make your blood vessel become swollen.

Your baby’s Weight 

As your baby develops rapidly, their weight will also increase fast. This will make your uterus get bigger which will put pressure on the inferior vena cava. These are the veins that pump blood from the lower extremities to the heart. Therefore,  the greater the pressure, the more blood will follow to your legs. As a result, it will cause swelling all over your legs, especially in your foot and ankles.

Changes in Your Hormones

Hormonal changes during pregnancy are also a popular reason for edema. As your body modify and produce more hormones in this period, they may cause changes in the walls of the arteries, making them softer. As a result, it will be more difficult for your veins to transport blood between ween your heart, and limbs, thereby causing swelling. 

Other factors

In addition, some other factors may also lead to swollen feet during pregnancy include: standing for too long, regularly wearing high heels, hard work, a high sodium diet, potassium deficiency, or hot weather.

Swollen feet

How to deal with Swollen feet during pregnancy

Swollen feet and ankles are common during pregnancy and will go away after childbirth. However, it may make you feel uncomfortable sometimes. The following tips will help you reduce Foot swelling during pregnancy

A Healthy Diet will Help you Deal with Swollen feet

You should eat a more bland diet. It means that you should eat less food that is salty or contain a high amount of salt. Salt makes your body hold more water, thereby increasing the fluids and blood volume. In addition, you may want to avoid canned food during pregnancy as they are especially high in sodium. Potassium helps the body balance the amount of fluid, so you should add more of this nutrient to your diet. Foods that are naturally high in potassium are potatoes, sweet potatoes, bananas, spinach, beans, fruit juice, yogurt, and radishes. You can try to mix and alternate these foods in your diet to reduce swollen feet.

Drink Water

It may sound a little weird but drink water will help you flush the body and reduce water retention. In addition, you should avoid drinking too much caffeine as it may make your foot become more swollen. Caffeine is a diuretic, making pregnant women urinate more often. This will make your body produce more fluids and leads to edema.

Take a break

Give your body, especially your feet a break if you have been standing or working for a while. You can try to raise your legs when sitting, especially at the end of the day. This simple movement will help the blood flow in your legs, feet, and ankle easier. Therefore it will ease the swollen feet during pregnancy.

Wear Comfortable Clothes and stay Cool

You should wear loose, comfortable clothing, and flat shoes more often. Wearing these will help your blood circulation flow more smoothly. If you are pregnant during the hot summer months, you should stay indoors. When the body is cool, feet edema also subsides. You can try to apply some ice to the swollen area

Do Some Exercise

You should try to do some soft exercises like jogging for 5 to 10 minutes a few times a day. This can help improve your blood circulation, thereby reducing leg swelling. Massage also helps to circulate accumulated fluids in the foot. As a result,  it will improve the swelling area. You should also lie on your left side when sleeping. This is intended to reduce uterine pressure on the inferior vena cava. Thanks to that, pregnant women will reduce leg swelling. If you find it troublesome to sleep, a pregnancy pillow will be a great help for you.

swollen feet

There you go, now you have our guide of things you should know about swollen feet during pregnancy. We hope that this article can help you deal with this uncomfortable condition Do you have any tips that can reduce this phenomenon? Please share it with us in the comments!